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Pentacostals and alleged branch-stacking in SA Liberal Party

Written by: (Contributed) on 7 July 2021


The recent announcement that the South Australian Liberal Party State Branch had terminated the membership of a large number of members on the basis that their views were politically unacceptable may not have had much of a national focus.

The SA problem, however, has national implications for the Liberal party and those Pentacostalists, like PM Scummo Morrison, who are embedded in its leadership.

A tendency for far-right political standpoints to be assimilated in mainstream political culture has been a feature for decades, with social media now assisting in a proliferation of questionable political views.

Alex’s antics

In mid-June the SA Liberal Party terminated the membership of 150 'conservative' members together with a further 400 required to 'show cause' why they should not be treated in a similar manner. (1) Matters came to a head after a party recruitment drive targeting hundreds of Pentecostal Christians after controversial legislation passed by the Marshall SA Liberal government about euthanasia and abortion. (2)

The membership drive was organised by the right-wing SA Liberal Senator Alex Antic.

Antic’s paternal family is Serbian.  In his maiden speech to the federal parliament, he said “Theirs was a family of small-business people on a postwar collision course with the rise of communism in the Balkans. My grandmother's distrust of the communist regime, which had already stripped her family of its modest assets, led her to lecture my father about the importance of private ownership, entrepreneurship and basic freedoms.”

Elected to the Adelaide City Council, Antic proved to be a ruthlessly ambitious member of the hard right faction in the SA Liberal Party.  His first victim was Kenyan-born Lucy Gichuhi who had come into the Senate in 2017 as a replacement for SA’s Family First Senator Bob Day who was deemed to have been ineligible for election. Although a social conservative, she disagreed with the merger of Family First with SA Senator Cory Bernardi’s short-lived Conservative Party and subsequently sat in the Senate as an Independent. She joined the Liberals in 2018, but Antic challenged her for the third position on the SA Liberal Senate ticket. Despite her endorsement by then PM Turnbull, former PM Howard and SA Liberal Party President John Olsen, and despite her unique position as the first black African woman elected to parliament, Antic was able to defeat her and was elected to the Senate in 2019.

His enthusiasm for knocking down women in his Party from a non-Anglo background saw State Liberal Member of the Legislative Council Jing Lee, a Malaysian-born Chinese-Australian, become his next victim. 

In the developing atmosphere of anti-Chinese racism, Lee was prevented from being elected as President of the Legislative Council despite having been preselected for the position by the Liberals and personally backed by State Premier Steven Marshall. She was attacked for having attended a function of the pro-Chinese Xinjiang Association of SA.  The attack was led by Antic, and MPs Nicole Flint and Tony Pasin. All are aligned with the hard right led by Peter Dutton. Jing Lee was the Premier’s choice.  Mud-slinging by the Australian alleged that Jing Lee was a threat to Australia on national security grounds.  Liberal MLC John Dawkins was persuaded to run against her, and was expelled from the Party when he won. Nothing was done to Antic, however, who proved to be more powerful than the State premier.

Antic and his allies in the SA Liberal Party clearly had the so-called moderate faction led by Marshall in their sights. Antic personally attended Pentecostal gatherings and urged them to join the Liberals. Exploiting their opposition to the abortion legislation, he had enough success to really concern the Marshall faction. Following protests against the Party’s decision to review the membership of the new recruits, the SA Branch decided to soften their decision by re-considering the 150 members affected by earlier decisions and abandoning their insistence upon statutory declarations for party loyalty with the remainder. (3) The moves, nevertheless, reflect deeper problems inside the Liberal Party with fears of branch-stacking by Antic and his supporters.


Coming so soon after the recent federal parliamentary inquiry into political extremism there may also be an added twist to previous and later decisions taken by the SA Liberal Branch. It was noted, for example, that 'Christian leaders … were … demanding answers as to how it came to pass that the SA Liberals regarded their involvement in politics as a threat'. (4)

While the timing of recent developments may have been coincidental, the creeping inroads by far-right political organisations into the Liberal Party was a topic given discussion during the recent parliamentary inquiry. 

Pentecostalism is a conservative religious doctrine with an emphasis upon literal biblical teachings and strict codes of conduct not favouring “adventurous behaviour”, together with a preoccupation on reducing sexual temptation and desires. It is socially divisive in approach, and in many ways, reactionary: in fact, their websites reveal the denomination to be more akin to a sect, with strong beliefs and an easily recognisable command structure. It is a manifestation of petty-bourgeois individualism, promoting the seeking of salvation in the afterlife through euphoric personal experience of God (speaking in tongues and “happy-clapping”), and earthly rewards of wealth and riches (“prosperity theology”).

Federal implications for Liberal Party 

The controversial euthanasia and abortion legislation in the SA parliament had included lengthy and heated political debates which were politically divisive; the euthanasia legislation only passed the lower house with 33 for and 11 against, the abortion legislation passed the lower house with 29 in favour and 15 against. (5) But the debate soon spilled over into the federal sphere.

A great deal of the political drama has been played-out in the federal seat of Boothby, held by Nicolle Flint M.P., who is part of the Liberal Party conservative wing. (6) Boothby has been regarded as a safe Liberal seat for over fifty years, although with recent boundary changes is now only held by a 2.8 per cent majority. A swing in favour of the ALP would effectively end Liberal control of one of their most prized political possessions in South Australia.

The statement by Antic that the recent expulsions would 'cost the government the seat of Boothby at the next poll' reveal how developments inside the local Liberal Party are regarded as having implications for Canberra. (7)

Long history of religious manipulation

Political parties attempting recruitment through religious denominations has a long and troubled history in Australia. While Catholic divisions split the ALP in the 1950s, effectively keeping the main party out of government for decades, recent moves by the Liberals to recruit large numbers of Mormons and Catholics in Victoria in 2017 led to allegations of branch stacking. Similar moves by the hard-right in Sydney-based Liberal branches have also been recorded. (8)

Behind the recruitment drives of religious denominations, however, lie some very murky forces; right-wing and far-right political groups have long used religious bodies to shroud their agendas and provide a cloak of respectability.

In South Australia two such political organisations have had a long history of involvement with religion.

The shadowy National Civic Council (NCC) is a predominantly Catholic body lurking in a respectable suburb behind a glitzy website. The equally shadowy Australian League of Rights (ALOR), likewise, has a long history of involvement with the Liberal Party.

It has become a common feature for issues and causes raised by such organisations to enter into the mainstream political culture of the Liberal Party. While the far-right are usually united over nationalism, racism, opposition to 'alien' immigration and a general distain for democratic values, evidence of a more paranoid style of political thinking linked to endless conspiracy theories is also commonplace. (9)

It is not difficult to find numerous examples.

One particularly noteworthy example of such behaviour included a former federal Liberal M.P., Ken Alfred, with involvement with the NCC, who openly flouted a conspiracy linking Israeli intelligence with money-laundering scams in Victoria together with labelling Michael Costello, then head of Foreign Affairs, with accepting bribes from Israeli agents and having links with Latin American drug dealers. (10) No evidence to support the claims was ever tabled.

The ALOR, likewise, has a long history of similar political behaviour; former leader Eric Butler believed 'Churchill, Roosevelt and Curtain were covert communists and the Russian revolution was a Jewish plot'; he was later labelled as being regarded as 'nutty as a fruit-cake'. (11)  

The ALOR, however, has also been noted for 'great value on any contacts … with clergymen', and their various publications have included religious items with contemporary political commentary which, interestingly, coincide with similar concerns raised by the SA 'conservatives' in the recent controversy. (12) Whether hidden hands have been at inside the SA Liberals has yet to be established; numerous questions, nevertheless, arise.

It has long been noted, however, that 'many politicians flirted with the League … and … the trick was to denounce the League in public but use obscure members as workhorses in the electoral office. In this way parliamentarians could rejoice in a cosy chat with Butler'. (13)

The ALOR is also the main Australian affiliate with the far-right World League for Freedom and Democracy (WLFD), formerly the World Anti-Communist League (WACL). (14) The organisation has been described by one former member as 'a collection of oriental fascists, militarists, right-wing terrorists who put bombs in civilian aircraft, death squads, assassins, criminals and many people who are as much opposed to democracy as they are communism'. (15)

It is not difficult to establish Liberal Party links with the WLFD/WACL. (16)

The 1989 22nd WACL conference held in Brisbane, for example, was attended by John Howard and fellow Liberal M.P. Bruce Goodluck, amongst the 120 delegates representing fifty countries. (17) Howard has long been applauded by 'conservatives' as their leader of choice, who still remains popular with those sections of the party. Bruce Skeggs, a leading Victorian Liberal, likewise, was an executive member of the WLFD and under his leadership there were three major conferences in Australia. (18)

Such examples were well known inside Liberal Party circles: the publication The Liberals by Ian Hancock 'portrays John Howard as a powerful supporter of the Right faction, willing to intervene at key moments and block democratic reforms when it suited the faction's interests'. (19) The publication also threw light upon the Liberal Party in NSW as 'dysfunctional, factionalised, and rife with branch-stacking'. (20) Those portrayed in mainstream media as squeaky-clean political men of the centre, had a carefully prepared image. They carried, however, considerable baggage which was kept well hidden by senior Liberal Party officials.

Perhaps those responsible for investigating recent internal problems in the SA Liberal Party should cast their nets a little wider than a few hundred devout Christian zealots and identify the puppet-masters in their midst. Their chosen method of communications and extensive use of social media might also prove a treasure trove of political intrigue. That is, if those concerned actually want the truth to be known; the WLFD, for example, use locked websites for affiliates and the general membership to hide their identities. Their secure communications, presumably, include reports from their activists and their localities. There is nothing open and transparent about the WACL/WLFD and the role their affiliates provide.

While seek, as the old saying goes, and you might find, is one approach, opening political disadvantage as both SA State and federal election campaigns loom on the horizon is, perhaps, something else for both Steven Marshall and Scott Morrison.

It will be interesting to see how the Australian Liberal Party deals with the problem.

By their actions, or lack of them, they will be known!


1.     Libs fury over a party 'purge', Australian, 16 June 2021.
2.     Nicolle Flint slams Liberal membership move, ABC News, 13 June 2021; and, 'Your views', InDaily, 7 June 2021.
3.     Christian soldiers fight back in Liberals' holy war, The Weekend Australian, 19-20 June 2021.
4.     Ibid.
5.     Voluntary assisted dying law,  ABC News, 9 June 2021; and, Abortion decriminalisation,  ABC News, 19 February 2021.
6.     Tensions within Liberal Party, ABC News, 18 February 2021.
7.     Australian, op.cit., 16 June 2021. Wikipedia: Branch-stacking, 18 June 2021.
9.     The far-right's creeping influence on Australian politics, The Conversation, 13 August 2018.
10.   Putsch to extremes, The Weekend Australian, 17-18 September 2005.
11.   Anti-Semitic zealot held surprising political sway, Australian, 13 June 2006.
12.   Voices of Hate, K. D. Gott, (Melbourne, 1965), page 38; and Advance on Global Religion, Intelligence Survey, ALOR., April 1998; and, Organ Transplant Morality, June 1998, which raised questions about brain death, which in turn raised questions about euthanasia.
13.   Australian, op.cit., 13 June 2006.
14.   Inside the League, Scott Anderson and Jon Lee Anderson, (New York, 1986), page 276.

15.   Ibid., Foreword.
16.   Ibid., page 59, which has reference to the Australian section of the WACL being composed of Conservative M.P.s, interspersed with Neo-Nazis, racists, and Eastern European immigrants whose roots lay in the fascist collaborationist armies of World War Two.
17.   Wikipedia: WLFD., 12 December 2020.
18.   Wikipedia: Bruce Skeggs (1932-2013).
19.   Veteran Lib slams party's far right, Australian, 24 September 2007.
20.   Ibid.


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